Let's say that you see WILHELM standing over by his locker. You could write in your diary, "WILHELM is so cool. I really like him. He is the captain of the chess team."
But the problem is that these are third grade sentences. Your writing would be okay, but not excellent, and certainly not skilled.
So how do you fix this?
Let's think of some other ways we can talk about WILHELM without saying the name WILHELM.
All of those (1-4) are NOUN PHRASES which are a group of words that, together, act like a NOUN.
Now, don't forget that we are learning BRUSH STROKES here, which will help us to write on a more sophisticated level. Let's take the noun WILHELM and add a noun phrase from the list. We'll put BOTH of them in the sentence together, and then we will seem RIDICULOUSLY INTELLIGENT to whoever happens to read the diary.
Sample: I really like WILHELM, THE CAPTAIN OF THE CHESS TEAM.
You stated the noun - WILHELM - and then you put a comma and RENAMED the same noun - the captain of the chess team.
Mrs. Coller, my English teacher, forces us to write using brush strokes.
The Bills, the best football team out there, will probably go to every Superbowl for the next fifteen years.
The kid with the green sweatshirt, my brother, tried to trip me in the hallway.
I tend to take after my grandfather, a man who has been gone for twenty years now.
George Washington, the leader of a brave troop of soldiers, faced may troubles during his presidency.
So... do you think you have it? To TEST YOURSELF:
Cover up the FIRST use of the noun or noun phrase. If the sentence is still grammatically correct and makes sense, you can be POSITIVE that you have an APPOSITIVE!
This is an example of a sentence that DOES NOT use an APPOSITIVE: The boy, tall and handsome, looked my way.
In this case, if you cover up the first noun or noun phrase, you end up with:
**Tall and handsome looked my way.
This DOES NOT WORK, so you do not have an appositive, even though the original sentence is a good sentence.
To practice, see if you can make up sentences like this.
Have a great day!